Friday, March 15, 2013

Rheumatoid Arthritis, Symptoms, Attraction and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis - typically systemic disease of ligament, mainly affecting small joints of how much erosive and destructive polyArthritis of unknown etiology with a complex autoimmune pathogenesis.

Causes involving your disease on this bright light are unknown. Indirect the info, such as increasing precisely white blood cell know they can rely and erythrocyte sedimentation price (ESR) indicate the infectious nature an process. It is believed that your potential disease develops because of the fact infection, which causes a compromised defense mechanisms in genetically susceptible and they, with formation of so-called. protected complexes (of the antibodies, viruses, etc.. ), which are deposited in tissues and away from joint damage. But the ineffectiveness regarding antibiotic Treatment of RA could indicate the incorrectness to the assumption.

The disease is synonymous with high disability (70%), having comes pretty early. The cause causes of death up the disease are infectious be prone to and renal failure.

Treatment makes a specialty of relieving pain, slowing computer progression and restore destroyed by surgery. Early detection of disease while having modern tools can a progressively reduce the harm that can be inflicted joints and all the tissues.

For the noob may occur after heavy physical exercies, emotional shock, fatigue, any deviation during the period, the unsightly effects of adverse factors or infection.


Rheumatoid Arthritis is distributed worldwide and it shapes all ethnic groups. Occurrance of 0, 5-1% (up 5% towards elderly) ratio M: G = 1: 3 peak of cardiovascular disease onset - 30-35 years


As with a lot of autoimmune diseases, there to obtain 3 main factors:

1. Hereditary inclination towards autoimmunity.

2. Infection stuff Hypothetical triggers of rheumatic diseases

Paramyxovirus up to viruses, mumps, measles, asthmatic syncytial infection

Hepatitis B virus

Herpes computer - herpes simplex infections, herpes zoster, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus (much higher towards synovial fluid of RA patients

Retroviruses all the way to T-lymphotropic virus

3. Start-up stuff (hypothermia, insolation, intoxication, mutagenic products, endocrinopathy, stress, etc. ). Girls, duration of breast-feeding reduces potential risk of RA. Breastfeeding for 24 or more months reduces the risk of creating RA by half.

The development disease

Rheumatoid Arthritis progresses at hand three stages. In significantly stage, the swelling involving your synovial bags causing aches and pains, heat and swelling the actual joints. The second stage certainly is the rapid cell division leading to compaction of within case your synovial membrane. In was the last stage, the inflamed microscopic cells release an enzyme websites owner attacks the bones soon after cartilage, which often brings about deformation of the put in place joints, increasing pain and reducing of motor functions.

Typically, issue progresses slowly at at first, with the gradual implementation of clinical Symptoms for several years, much less - subacute or acute. In about 3 / 3 of cases fever occurs, and the - a mono-or oligoarticular tight, and articular syndrome often has no clinical specificity, which a good deal complicates the differential examination. Articular syndrome is constructed from morning stiffness in almost 30 minutes and similar expressions of your respective second half of the night time - Symptoms of "stiff gloves", "corset"; ongoing spontaneous pain towards joints, increasing during shopping with an adult movements. The disappearance to get a stiffness depends on the game of the process: the best activity, the greater the capacity of restraint. For the joint condition in Rheumatoid Arthritis is synonymous with monotony, the duration, routine service of residual effects right after Treatment.

There may rest prodromal clinical Symptoms (mild brief pain, pain relationship auxiliary meteorological conditions, autonomic dysfunction). Price "joint damage" and "joints difference. " Rheumatoid Arthritis may possibly be combined with other joint diseases - OsteoArthritis, rheumatism, systemic connective tissue medical ailments.

Allocate the following options the clinical course of Rheumatoid Arthritis:

The classic version an (symmetric defeat both large and small joints

Mono-or oligoArthritis, mainly affecting huge joints, most often the patient knee. Severe disease onset and reversibility of all manifestations during 1-1, 5 months (arthralgias are migratory naturally, radiographic changes are instantly, anti-inflammatory drugs offer relatively positive effect towards latter there are equally as much Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis).


Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) - For a while there was no specific test that would unambiguously confirm arsenic intoxication the disease. Currently, diagnosing disease based on biochemical look at of blood, changes even though joints are visible close to x-rays, and the use of basic clinical markers, but also with the general clinical manifestations : fever, malaise, and weight loss

In the learning of blood examined ESR, Rheumatoid lesser known, platelet count, etc. Nearly all advanced analysis is the first titer of antibodies associated with cyclic citrulline-containing peptides all the way to ACCP, anti-CCP, anti-CCP. The specificity towards the present indicator is 90%, even though it is present in 79% together with sera from patients with RA.

Diagnostically important clinical features are having no discoloration of the skin on top of the inflamed joints, the development of tenosynovitis flexors or extensors with the fingers and the development of amyotrophy, typical a variety of brushes, so-called "Rheumatoid arm.

The criteria for a poor prognosis are:

1. Early damage of large joints and the appearance of Rheumatoid nodules
2. swollen lymph nodes
3. involvement of latest joints in the reading exacerbation;
4. systemic computer;
5. persistent disease activity with no remission for over a year;
6. persistent improvement in the ESR;
7. early appearance (within spend less year) and high titers regarding Rheumatoid factor
8. early (up to four months), radiographic within the affected joints - unexpected progression of destructive overrides;
9. Detection of antinuclear antibodies as well as LE-cells
10. Carrier antigens HLA-DR4


Rheumatoid Arthritis may start at any joint, individuals often starts from small joints even though fingers, hands and cards. Typically, joint damage uses symmetric, for example or possibly a sore joint on her / his right hand, then ill this may same joint on select a left. The more joints afflicted the more advanced stages of disorders.

Other common Symptoms include:

Morning stiffness. Generally, the best the constraint, the undernourishment activity.
Flu-like Symptoms, that are included with low heat.
Pain during prolonged sitting
Outbreaks of clinking coins disease activity are utilizing a remission.
Muscle pain
Loss during appetite, depression, weight hair loss, anemia, cold and / or perhaps sweaty palms and feet
Violation of individuals glands near the mouth and eyes, causing insufficient production together with tears and saliva.


In the inclusion of infection need the acceptable antibacterial therapy. In the lack of bright extra-articular manifestations (eg, uppermost fevers, Felty's syndrome or polynervopathy) Treatment together with joint syndrome begin with the option to choose non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Interestingly in the most enlarged joints injected corticosteroids. An important point with the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis is preventing Osteoporosis - restoration these calcium balance to help increasing its absorption for your intestine and reduced an adult excretion. Sources of calcium are mozerella (especially cheese, which contains from six hundred to 1000 mg of calcium per 100 g to get a product, as well and cheese, to a lesser degree cottage cheese, milk, sour cream), almonds, hazelnuts or walnuts, etc., and calcium supplements used in combination with vitamin D or it is definitely active metabolite.

Importance towards Treatment is therapeutic high performance, aimed at maintaining maximum joint mobility and muscle mass.

Physiotherapy (electrophoresis during nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hydrocortisone phonophoresis) or spa Treatment. With cussed mono-and oligoArthritis includes benefits of isotopes of jewelry, yttrium, etc., With persistent strains of joints is completed reconstructive surgery.

Modern Therapy

Systemic drug therapy involves the utilization four classes of medicine:

1. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs),
2. basic drugs
3. glucocorticosteroids (GCS)
4. habitual agents.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSAIDs remain spend less line of therapeutic agents that directed primarily to the treating of of acute manifestations these disease, as well and ensuring stable clinical tweaking laboratory remission.

In the acute phase of illness utilization of NSAIDs, corticosteroids, pulse therapy with corticosteroids or used in combination with cytotoxic immunosuppressive agents.

Current NSAIDs have reasonable anti-inflammatory effect which is due to inhibition of the specific cyclooxygenase (COX) - a significant enzyme of arachidonic acidic metabolism. Of particular interest is the discovery of two isoforms in COX, which are selected COX-1 and COX-2 also in play different roles in governing the synthesis of prostaglandins (PG). Proved that NSAIDs inhibit the experience of COX isoforms, but their anti-inflammatory activity was in inhibition of COX-2.

Most involving your known NSAIDs inhibit regularly COX-1 activity, which explains the appearance of complications such as gastropathy, renal failure, encephalopathy, hepatotoxicity.

Thus, programs nature of blocking COX, NSAIDs are split up into selective and nonselective COX-2 inhibitors.

Representatives involving your selective COX-2 inhibitors to obtain meloxicam, nimesulide, celecoxib. These drugs have minimal unwanted side and retain high anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. COX-2 inhibitors work extremely well in all programs an Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis, which is determined by NSAIDs. Meloxicam (Movalis) during the early Treatment of inflammatory activity produced by 15 mg / day and subsequently transferred to 7. 5 mg / day as revive therapy. Nimesulide is assigned a tiny 100 mg twice a day.

Celecoxib (Celebrex) - you are able to inhibitor of COX-2 - is a member of 100-200 mg twice half a day. Selection for the elderly dosage of the medical treatment is not required. However, patients with body weight below the median (50 kg) be it desirable to begin Treatment with the lowest recommended dose.

You should avoid combining a couple of NSAIDs, because of their unique effectiveness remain unchanged, and potential risk of side effects increases.

Basic Preparations

Basic drugs place to play a pivotal role inside the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis, but now may perhaps be a new approach for their destination. In contrast to get the well-known tactic of continuous Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis ("principle with the pyramid"), is now advocated before long aggressive Treatment of basic drugs immediately after diagnosis, the purpose people who - changed the method to obtain Rheumatoid Arthritis and remission upkeep. The reason for this are the deficiency of early Rheumatoid Arthritis deformities, Osteopenia, and severe difficulty, formed by autoimmune elements, the high likelihood these remission.

The main drugs of basic remedy for Rheumatoid Arthritis include: methotrexate, sulfasalazine, really want to preparations, D-penicillamine,. By technique of the reserve include cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, cyclosporine THAT FROM. The new group there the following drugs: Remicade.

Ineffective for carrying 1. 5-3 months of basic drugs rrs going to be replaced or used in combination with corticosteroids in low doses, thus reducing the realistic Rheumatoid Arthritis before the beginning of the first. Six months - a necessary period, no later than that must be adjusted effective basic prescribed medication.

The best preparation for the beginning of basic therapy in serious Rheumatoid Arthritis and RF-positivity, presence of extraarticular manifestations of methotrexate is viewed - cytotoxic immunosuppressive real estate professional, which is well accepted for prolonged use and has fewer side effects than other drugs of that group.

In the Treatment these basic drugs carefully monitored the experience of the disease and ultimate results.


A new approach is the utilization high doses of corticosteroids (pulse therapy) in combination with slow acting tools who is going to improve the efficiency individuals latter; combinations of methotrexate with salts of gold, sulfasalazine, and even selective immunosuppressive agent cyclosporin ORITE.

With a high how much inflammatory activity are used corticosteroids, and in cases in your systemic manifestations of Rheumatoid Arthritis a variety of pulse therapy is secondhand. Corticosteroids only or used in combination with cytostatic drugs - cyclophosphamide. SCS may used as supporting anti-inflammatory therapy after failure from the medicines.

In some is most suited to, corticosteroids are used with the intention that local therapy. The indications for their own end are: mostly mono-or oligoArthritis of huge joints,

Biological agents

In Rheumatoid Arthritis this is able to synovial membrane, for doubting reasons, secrete a large amount of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase this destroys the disulfide bonds with the cell membrane. In this example, there is "leakage" of proteolytic enzymes having the cell lysosomes, which wear down surrounding bones and cartilage. The body responds for by making cytokines, among utilizing a tumor necrosis factor -the AS COMPARED TO TNF. Cascade of these responses in cells are do today to cytokines, further aggravating the Symptoms involving your disease. Chronic Rheumatoid inflammation possibly TNF-α, often causing damaged the cartilage and joints, leading to physical disadvantages.

The Treatment uses a monoclonal antibody showcasing cytokine TNF-the A, that is certainly effective with high companionship in binding to TNF, within its soluble and transmembrane forms discomfort neutralizing activity of TNF.

During the progression of Rheumatoid Arthritis, Joint damage in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis is viewed as a narrowing an joint space between important joints and erosion of bone inside the articular space. Clinical trials of monoclonal antibody showed its use this way slow erosion and narrowing to get a space between the important joints.


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